Low blood sugar or hypoglycemia in Yorkshire Terriers is a serious health concern.
It is common in Yorkies aged less than 20 weeks, and most puppies grow out of it with age.
However, stress, a poor diet, and excessive activity may result in low blood sugar in mature Yorkies. Unless treated early, hypoglycemia in Yorkshire Terriers can be deadly.
Development of Hypoglycemia in Yorkshire Terriers
Hypoglycemia is more common in toy breeds, such as Yorkies.
Their tiny body with less muscle mass is unable to store much glucose, and scanty reserves diminish quickly, resulting in a low blood sugar level.
Another factor contributing to hypoglycemia in Yorkshire Terriers is the delay in teething.
As a result, Yorkies are unable to chew most foods, which affects the sugar release from the swallowed food.
Puppies are at the receiving end with an increased risk of hypoglycemia until they are 4 to 5 months old.
In adult Yorkies, dietary habits and stressful life can cause low glucose levels in the blood.
Symptoms of Hypoglycemia in Yorkshire Terriers
A Yorkie with low blood sugar may likely to have the following symptoms.
- Lethargy, drowsiness, weakness
- Lack of attention, confusion
- Glassy unfocussed-eyes
- Drooling, limping
- Trembling, shivering, or fainting
- Seizure or similar condition
- Gums turning pale or grayish and sticky
- Fall in body temperature
Causes of Hypoglycemia in Yorkshire Terriers
The factors contributing to Yorkie hypoglycemia may include:
- The lack of proper diet or poor nutrition
- The loss of appetite
- Stress associated with home ambiance, social anxiety, environment, teething, change in the family or surrounding
- Health problems, such as bacterial infections
- Presence of intestinal worms and parasites
- Strenuous play sessions
- Lack of adequate rest
- Colder environment
- Too much travel or poor handling
- Reaction to vaccination
Effects of Hypoglycemia in Yorkshire Terriers
- Persistent low blood sugar can result in seizures and brain damage. Unless treated, it may prove fatal and lead to the death of your dog.
- Hypoglycemia in Yorkshire Terriers significantly reduces the body A below normal body temperature carries the risk of death.
- Your otherwise active Yorkie may become weak. He may suffer from drowsiness, muscle weakness, and could suffer from bouts of trembling. Fainting and seizure signs appear, and your dog may collapse.
- Yorkie hypoglycemia also leads to mental problems, such as disorientation, depression, and convulsions. Brain damage cannot be ruled out.
Immediate Treatment of Hypoglycemia in Yorkshire Terriers
The disorder in a Yorkie is 100% treatable, and your dog can overcome the problem.
However, you must not neglect the treatment and pay serious attention to it.
The immediate treatment of hypoglycemia in Yorkshire Terriers includes efforts to instantly improve the blood sugar level.
The first thing you should do after an acute attack is to put some honey into his mouth.
You may also use corn syrup or sugar/ glucose water when honey is not available. This helps restore the blood sugar level quickly.
Keep him warm and away from the cold ambiance. In the case of swelling in the brain, immediately consult with your vet.
He may need intravenous dextrose solution and other treatments.
If the dog is unconscious, avoid giving him any sugar solution. You may rub it on his gums.
When there is no noticeable improvement within 30 minutes, you must seek an emergency treatment for your Yorkie at the nearest vet.
Prevention of Hypoglycemia in Yorkshire Terriers
If your Yorkie has hypoglycemia, you may try the following tips to help him overcome it.
- Check the weight of your dog. When he is underweight, change his dietary habits to help him gain the required
- Make sure your dog does not remain without food for too long. Feed him after every few hours.
- Hypoglycemia in Yorkshire Terriers may be due to a bacterial infection, parasites in the intestine, or the overproduction of insulin. Consult with your vet, who can suggest tests and medications.
- Ensure that your dog lives in a stress-free ambiance and warm environment. His diet must have adequate nutrition.
- Provide your dog with small meals throughout the day (4-5 times) after every few hours. He should eat an adequate amount of food required to stay active. The diet should be rich in carbohydrates, protein, and fat.
- Make sure the Yorkie gets adequate sleep and does not engage in strenuous activities.
- Add honey to his daily diet to manage his blood sugar level and prevent hypoglycemia.
- Focus your attention on your puppy for a few days and look for any physical symptoms of hypoglycemia regularly.