Spaying and neutering a Yorkshire terrier must only be done when the owner is knowledgeable enough on how it is performed, its advantages and disadvantages, how to deal with the recuperating terrier, and its effects and benefits, otherwise, you will not fully understand the changes in your dog afterwards.
Spaying is for female and it is done when your yorkie’s uterus and ovaries are surgically cut out. Neutering is for male where their testicles are surgically excised. A lot of owners practice this procedure to stop their pet from breeding and for other health benefit issues.
Normally, spaying and neutering of yorkie should be done before they turn one year old. For female yorkies, it is recommended to spay them before their 1st heat; around 3 to 4 months old. For male yorkies, neutering is usually done before they hit puberty; around 4 to 6 months old.
Spaying is executed by giving your yorkie a general anesthesia then a slight cut is done in the belly. The uterus will be taken out through that small cut and the ovarian muscles and blood vessels are firmly tied. The intestinal tissues are tacked back together in layers and the external stitches will be tacked back as well.
Neutering is executed by creating an opening in front of the yorkie’s scrotum then the testicles will be cut out through that small opening. The blood vessels are binded and cut. As for the stiches, it will either be the ones that will be dissolved over time or the ones that will be removed after 10 days from surgery.
Benefits of Spaying:
- Get rid of possible ovarian cancer and ovarian infections. Significantly diminishes the possibility of having a mammary cancer. The younger your yorkie will undergo spaying, the better the chances of avoiding such ailments.
- Reduce territorial marking concerns. Territorial female yorkies mark as much as males do.
- Stops her chance of breeding. Dogs do not menopause, hence, female dogs of any age can get pregnant anytime. Lack of correct pre-pregnancy examination or carrying a brood and giving birth can be extremely demanding and even risky for any dog.
- Ends potential hormone associated mood swings
- Stops the need to run off when in heat – some female yorkies will aggressively chase males.
Benefits of Neutering:
- Cuts the threat of prostate ailment. Prostate ailment is very typical and a serious health problem for male dogs of any kind. Approximately 60% of pooches ages 5 years and up and are not being neutered have signs and symptoms of an enlarged prostate.
- Reduces the chance that he could make the female dog pregnant.
- Ends his territorial marking concerns.
- Removes the risk of testicular tumors
- Stops the need to run off when he can smell a female in heat. Male dogs can smell 1 to 3 miles away if the female dog is in her heat cycle.
Possible Risks of Spaying and Neutering:
Almost all veterinarians will say that the benefits of spaying and neutering overshadow its risks. For a more elaborate explanation about this matter, you’ll have to talk it over with your vet. These lists below will get you informed of the possible risks and most veterinarians say that there is no sufficient backup study to confirm if any of these risks are credible.
Cardiac tumors. There are plenty of argument about this issue but one study checked over 700,000 dogs’ histories around 1982 and 1995 and confirmed that spaying and neutering will upsurge the risk of cardiac tumors. The said study concluded that spayed females are 4 times more risky of having cardiac tumors that those of the intact females and it will be lesser risky for neutered males than the intact males.
Increased rate of other cancers. Once again, there are plenty of argument about this issue. Some research point out that spaying and neutering can stop cancers while others states that it will only upsurge the risk. Some studies have decided that spaying and neutering intensifies the risk for:
- Osteosarcoma – the most common bone tumor found in dogs and is very aggressive and has a possibility of spreading quickly into other parts of the dog’s body. There are apprehensions that absence of sex hormones in a spayed/neutered dog can raise the upsurge of bone cancer.
- Bladder and Prostate Cancer – a 2002 and 2007 research cited that prostate cancer was 3-4 times more expected to develop with neutered males.
- Lymphoma – also one of the most common tumor in dogs and research show a very slim risk of having this ailment in spayed females.
Delay in growth-plate closure. Neutering (mostly early neutering) will make the growth plates of the bones to close later. There are suspicions that this suspension of the growth plates of the bone can only increase the probability of bone cracks or fractures. It may also be grounds for dogs to grow a little larger than his expected height/weight.
Urinary incontinence for females. Urinary incontinence or involuntary leakage of urine can develop soon after the spaying procedure is done or several years later. Most vets recommend that delaying up to the age of 3 months will end the chance of possibly developing this ailment.
What to Expect After the Surgery
Water should not be given for both female and male yorkies 1 hour after the surgery. Males heal faster than females; females will take about 2 weeks for them to completely heal.
For a female Yorkshire Terrier, let her completely rest for about 10 days. It will be unusual for her to vomit, quiver, have pale gums or bleeding, but if it happens, it means there are complications and should immediately take her to her vet. Make sure that your female yorkie will not lick her stickes as it will cause infection. In around 2 weeks, stitches will be plucked out.
For a male Yorkshire Terrier, swelling is normal for about 3 days and you may observe light bruising. Uneasiness is generally low and a lot of pooches do not demand aching treatment. Most of male pooches can already do their regular routine in just few days after the procedure, but, just to guarantee that the laceration heals perfectly well, it is suggested to limit your dog’s physical activities for about 2 weeks.
Now that you have some knowledge about spaying and neutering, you can now decide if you want to have your yorkie undergo this process. A veterinarian is always there to guide you and give you a clearer perspective about this matter.